Several tests have been developed to evaluate an individual’s capability in solving rational as well as abstract problems. IQ or intelligence quotient is one such approach that can demonstrate the difference of a person’s level of performance from that of peers of the same age. A person’s performance in a specific test is what is considered mental age. This is then divided by the chronological or actual age of an individual afterwards the result is multiplied by one hundred to give the person’s IQ. People with scores less than 70 are regarded as having problems with growth and mental development.
According to studies done in different settings, about seventy percent of people have an IQ ranging between 85 and 115. This means that an IQ of 100 is considered as the average. People with IQ scores above 115 are considered super-intelligent while those with 135 or more are regarded as genius. IQ tools usually measure two types of intelligence, fluid intelligence and crystalloid intelligence. The fluid type demonstrates how a person can reason, solve problems as well as interpret abstract data. This type does not depend on training or experiences that may be acquired over time, and it tends to wane with age.
The crystallized form includes all the knowledge or skills gained throughout a person’s life. It improves with learning as well as experiences and usually increases as a person advances in age. There are more than seven measures of IQ some of which are age group-specific. None of these tests is singly relied on as a measure of intelligence. These tests, though controversial, are common with behavioral psychologists. Medical doctors tend to consistently have high scores in these tests and are so regarded as above average as far as IQ is concerned. Most of them score between 120 and 130 making 125 the average IQ score.
Across all levels of medical practice, ranging from students to medical specialists, the average IQ score was 125. Therefore, according to studies conducted by the University of Wisconsin, doctors have the highest IQ of professionals. Successes in medicine and medical practice go beyond merely high IQ test scores. Its usefulness may be limited to understanding the basic medical sciences and pathology. There is a notion that because of the high IQ score, physicians are superheroes as well as perfectionists who are workaholics and hold the monopoly of knowledge. This is a false belief because most medical doctors are sued for failing to look and not failing to know.
Although a high IQ is important for mastery as well as a critical assessment of complex information that is part of medical practice, it is lacking in the ability to evaluate other important aspects of patient care like solving life problems. When dealing with people suffering from chronic illnesses, or are on the verge of death, enormous mental strength and compassion informed by empathy are required. This means that a high IQ score is not synonymous with a good medical doctor. Healthcare in general and medicine, in particular, may require more commitment than just exercising raw brainpower. A good emotional quotient is necessary to get people to change their behavior to adopt those considered healthy to prevent frequent deterioration.
Life itself is not a measure of IQ, which is why not all doctors are successful in life. No level of abstract reasoning can demonstrate understanding of how a patient feels about illness or care. Medical doctors also need to be empathetic to their patients, to allow the provision of holistic care to their clients who are uniquely responding to illness. This is something that scoring good grades in chemistry or pathology cannot achieve alone. A high IQ is important because it enables a person to learn as well as integrate theory into practice when compared to those with a low IQ.
IQ tests measures how a person can be logical as well as interpret abstract information compared to others in the same age group. Medics have consistently outperformed peers in the test which ranks them ahead of other professionals. Averagely, their scores range between 120 and 130 with an average of 125. This performance is not synonymous with good clinical practice as quality patient care require a strong emotional quotient, not just the IQ.